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Energy fuels the engine of a country’s economic and social progress and development. Energy production and consumption, however, puts undeniable pressure on the environment. Damage to natural ecosystems and climatic changes are now becoming an alarming issue. Energy use is a major source of atmospheric pollutants and energy extraction also takes its toll on the planet’s pristine places.

Other environmental pressures from energy production and consumption include wastes water contamination from mining, oil spills and discharges to marine waters, soil damage from spills and leakages of liquid fuels, and impacts on ecosystems from the construction and operation of large dams. The urban environment is chock-full of vehicles and factories spewing toxic emissions into the air.

Due to these circumstances, national energy policies reflect environmental protection requirements in conjunction with concerns for competitiveness and supply security. Improvements in energy efficiency both benefit supplies by reducing the amount of energy consumed and reduce emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs) and pollutants by reducing the consumption of fossil fuels. As represented by the Kyoto Protocol, energy and the environment are interrelated issues that must be addressed together. They are fast becoming the focus of widespread attention as global priority issues. It is increasingly important for consumers to control their usage of energy resources from the standpoint of environmental preservation and for industrial sectors to increase their efficiency of energy consumption.

The time is ripe for industries and consumers to become aware of the potential benefits of good energy practices and strategies. To take advantage of natural and renewable resources, industries and commercial builders must realize that the preservation of the environment will actually reap financial benefits.

Subsequently, the implementation of renewable energy systems, cleaner production tactics as well as energy efficient production methods have been proven to reduce both operating and maintenance costs for factories. The implementation of energy efficiency measures can lead to a reduction of 28% of Malaysia’s current GHG emissions. Thus, the potential viability of energy efficiency and renewable energy, together with carbon trading credits via the CDM, needs to be seriously looked into as a way of achieving cost, energy and environmental savings for the nation.