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Transportation

Transportation has a critical role to play in saving energy. As the second most energy-consuming sector in Malaysia, opportunities exist to implement energy efficient measures; reduce dependence on fossil fuels; and clean up the atmosphere in urban centres. Already, under the Ninth Malaysia Plan, there is a strategic shift from private to public transport to increase the latter to 30% use in urban areas.

The rising price of petrol throughout the world has a direct impact on transportation costs that are eventually borne by consumers. Thus, energy efficiency initiatives focus on public transport targets; improved vehicle efficiency; and emerging renewable fuel technologies.

Currently, there are several transportation programmes that are viable for Malaysia:

  • Increased Use of Public Transport – Large urban centres (Klang Valley, Penang and Johor Bahru) can maximize energy saving potential by increasing public transport to 50% by 2020, thus minimising urban congestion, air pollution and safety problems and significantly lowering fuel consumption attributed to the rapidly growing car population.
  • Development of Intelligent Transport Information Systems (ITIS) - Improving traffic flow with proper road network capacity, together with better traffic management (signal operation, ramp metering, etc.), can reduce the problems related to urban congestion. INSIAX, SMART?
  • Increased Use of Alternative Fuel Technologies - As outlined by the National Biofuel Policy, biofuels help diversify fuel consumption by introducing alternative renewable options. By utilising blends of bio-diesel and bio-ethanol, together with natural gas, these new fuel technologies allow greater savings in fuel consumption.
  • Strategic Improvement of Vehicle Efficiency – Aimed at improving fuel efficiency for an entire vehicle fleet, these measures are geared towards establishing higher standards and promoting technologies to offset rising petrol prices. In addition to fuel cost savings, a move to lighten the road load will lessen the strain on the supply of transport fuels.
  • Improvement of Pedestrian Network – Improvements for pedestrians (walkways, public transport access, etc.) reduces unnecessary intra-city trips by private vehicles and decreases traffic congestion. Connectivity with various transportation modes and making pedestrians a priority in planning helps to clear the roads from cars and pollution in dense urban centres.